Idaho, US

Idaho: State of the United States of America


Idaho covers 83,570 square miles of varied terrain including the Rocky Mountains, Snake River Plain and Columbia River Plateau. It shares borders with Washington, Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming and Montana.

The climate is generally dry with cold winters and warm summers in southern Idaho and cooler temps in the north.

Economy and Industry

Major industries important to Idaho's economy include agriculture, food processing, lumber, tourism and technology. Key agricultural products are cattle, dairy, potatoes and wheat. Idaho's lush forests support lumber and wood industries. Popular tourist destinations include Sun Valley ski resort and Lake Coeur d’Alene.

High tech firms are growing in cities like Boise. Micron Technology, a semiconductor company, is a leading employer. The Idaho National Laboratory conducts nuclear energy research.

Culture and Demographics

Idaho has about 1.8 million residents. The population is predominantly white with Hispanic/Latino being the largest minority group. Mormon cultural influences can be seen in eastern Idaho.

Government and Politics

The capital and largest city is Boise. The current governor is Brad Little, a Republican. Idaho generally favors conservative policies and votes Republican in national elections.

In summary, Idaho offers great natural beauty through mountains, rivers and forests. Agriculture and lumber thrive thanks to the climate and land. A burgeoning high-tech sector balances Idaho's traditional farming and mining roots.

Idaho locator map
Location of Idaho

Quick Facts about Idaho

Population : 1,787,065
Country : United States of America
Head of government : Governor of Idaho
Phone Area Codes : 208
Area : 216699 km2
Water as percent of area : 1.11%
Land as percent of area : 98.89%
Legislative body : Idaho Legislature
Official language : English
Altitude : 5,000 feet / 1524 meters
Capital : Boise
Establishment : July 07, 1890 (133 years ago)
Time Zone : UTC−08:00, America/Denver, UTC−07:00
Local time : 22:30:49 (4th December 2023)
Snake02 image
Snake02 image


Idaho is located at 44°30'1"N 114°15'4"W (44.5002000, -114.2511800). It has 7 neighbors: Nevada, Utah, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming and British Columbia.

Idaho map

The largest city of Idaho is Boise with a population of 228,959. Other cities include, Meridian population 114,161, Nampa population 99,277, Idaho Falls population 62,888 and Caldwell population 58,481. See all Idaho cities & populated places.

Largest Cities in Idaho (more)

Cities, Towns, Villages, Neighborhoods & Other Populated Places in Idaho.

City Name Title County Population
Boise The capital of Idaho. Ada 228,959
Meridian The most populous city in Ada County, Idaho. Ada 114,161
Nampa The most populous city in Canyon County, Idaho. Canyon 99,277
Idaho Falls The most populous city in Bonneville County, Idaho. Bonneville 62,888
Caldwell The most populous city in Canyon County, Idaho. Canyon 58,481
Pocatello The most populous city in Bannock County, Idaho. Bannock 56,637
Coeur d'Alene A city in Kootenai County, Idaho. Kootenai 52,414
Twin Falls The most populous city in Twin Falls County, Idaho. Twin Falls 50,197
Post Falls City in Kootenai County, Idaho, United States Kootenai 36,250
Lewiston City in Nez Perce County, Idaho, USA Nez Perce 32,788
Lewiston Orchards City in Nez Perce County, Idaho, United States of America Nez Perce 31,422
Eagle City in Ada County, Idaho, United States Ada 29,796
Rexburg City in and county seat of Madison County, Idaho, United States Madison 29,400
Moscow City in Idaho, USA Latah 25,702
Kuna City in Ada County, Idaho, United States Ada 22,257
Ammon City in Idaho, United States Bonneville 17,115

Show more Idaho cities and populated places

    Brad Little ,

Idaho has 7 neighbours.

  • Nevada state of the United States of America
  • Utah state of the United States of America
  • Montana state of the United States of America
  • Oregon state of the United States of America
  • Washington state of the United States of America
  • Wyoming least populous state of the United States of America
  • British Columbia province of Canada

  • Franklin County
  • Latah County
  • Gem County
  • Boundary County
  • Jefferson County
  • Benewah County
  • Bonner County
  • Idaho County
  • Custer County
  • Camas County
  • Butte County
  • Teton County
  • Twin Falls County
  • Minidoka County
  • Bingham County
  • Caribou County
  • Clearwater County
  • Payette County
  • Bannock County
  • Lincoln County
  • Adams County
  • Oneida County
  • Ada County
  • Fremont County
  • Bear Lake County
  • Kootenai County
  • Lewis County
  • Jerome County
  • Gooding County
  • Shoshone County
  • Power County
  • Madison County
  • Clark County
  • Cassia County
  • Nez Perce County
  • Boise County
  • Washington County
  • Blaine County
  • Canyon County
  • Lemhi County
  • Valley County
  • Bonneville County
  • Elmore County
  • Owyhee County


Year Population % Change Method
1910 325,594 - census
1920 431,866 24.61% census
1930 445,032 2.96% census
1940 524,873 15.21% census
1950 588,637 10.83% census
1960 667,191 11.77% census
1970 712,567 6.37% census
1980 943,935 24.51% census
1990 1,006,749 6.24% census
2000 1,293,953 22.2% census
2010 1,567,582 17.46% census
2011 1,583,910 1.03% estimation process
2012 1,595,324 0.72% estimation process
2013 1,611,206 0.99% estimation process
2014 1,631,112 1.22% estimation process
2015 1,651,059 1.21% estimation process
2016 1,682,380 1.86% estimation process
2017 1,717,715 2.06% estimation process
2018 1,750,536 1.87% estimation process
2019 1,787,065 2.04% estimation process

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People born in Idaho (63)

People born in Idaho, including politician Phil Batt, paleontologist Donald E. Russell, artist and philanthropist Lillian Disney, .


  • Christina Dodd (American writer) she was born in 14/07/1957
  • Steven E. Jones (physicist) he was born in 25/03/1949
  • J. D. Cannon (American actor) he was born in 24/04/1922
  • Carl Eldon Bond (American ichthyologist) he was born in 11/09/1920
  • Glen Robinson (American special and visual effects artist) he was born in 20/09/1914
  • Ezra Taft Benson (President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1899-1994)) he was born in 04/08/1899
  • Jack E. McLaughlin (American mathematician) he was born in 17/08/1923
  • Vardis Fisher (Novelist, essayist) he was born in 31/03/1895
  • Douglas Crimp (American art critic) he was born in 18/08/1944
  • Doseone (American rapper, producer, poet and artist) he was born in 21/04/1977
  • Francis Anthony Dahlen he was born in 05/12/1942
  • Amanda Moore (American model) she was born in 10/09/1979
  • Jake Pitts (American musician and record producer) he was born in 21/08/1985
  • Robert J. Lamphere (FBI agent) he was born in 14/02/1918
  • Laurel Thatcher Ulrich (American historian) she was born in 11/07/1938
  • Brian Kibler (American player of Magic: The Gathering) he was born in 07/09/1980
  • Christopher Farnsworth (American writer) he was born in 01/01/1971
  • David R. Hogg (United States Army general) he was born in 01/12/1958

Idaho Counties (more)

Ada County
Ada County

Ada County, county in Idaho, United States

Canyon County
Canyon County

Canyon County, county in Idaho, United States

Kootenai County
Kootenai County

Kootenai County, county in Idaho, United States

County Name Population
Ada County 481,587
Canyon County 229,849
Kootenai County 165,697
Bonneville County 119,062
Bannock County 87,808
Twin Falls County 86,878
Bingham County 46,811
Bonner County 45,739
Nez Perce County 40,408
Latah County 40,108
Madison County 39,907
Jefferson County 29,871
Elmore County 27,511
Jerome County 24,412
Cassia County 24,030
Payette County 23,951

Show more Idaho counties

Map & Images (more maps)

Idaho Regions Map
Idaho Regions Map
Idaho Flag Map
Idaho Flag Map
Counties Map of Idaho
Counties Map of Idaho
Idaho Relief Map
Idaho Relief Map
Where Is Idaho Located
Where Is Idaho Located
Idaho Counties Map
Idaho Counties Map
Idaho Cities And Towns
Idaho Cities And Towns
Idaho County Map
Idaho County Map
Idaho Reference Map
Idaho Reference Map
Idaho Rivers And Lakes
Idaho Rivers And Lakes
Idaho Plant Hardiness Zone Map
Idaho Plant Hardiness Zone Map