Alabama, US

Alabama: One of the 50 states that make up the United States of America is Alabama. Its capital is Montgomery, and Birmingham is its most populous city. It is located in the country's South Region, Southeast Central Division. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, with the Chattahoochee River forming the southern half of this boundary, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. On 14 December 1819, as state number 22, he was admitted to the Union.


Alabama is a southeastern state located along the Gulf Coast region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, and Mississippi.

Some key facts about Alabama:

  • Capital: Montgomery
  • Population: Around 5 million
  • Area: 52,420 square miles (30th largest state)
  • Nickname: The Heart of Dixie

Alabama has a varied landscape ranging from the Appalachian Mountains in the north to pine forests, fertile plains and the Gulf Coast. Major rivers include the Tennessee River and Mobile River. The climate is humid subtropical with hot, humid summers and mild winters.

Mobile is a major port city, while Birmingham serves as the largest and most populous metro area in the state. Montgomery is the capital. Major industries include aerospace, steel, banking, and poultry/livestock.

Alabama played a pivotal role in the Civil Rights Movement and is home to key historic sites like the Rosa Parks Museum. The state has a rich musical heritage spanning country, blues, jazz and rock.

Top attractions include the U.S. Space & Rocket Center, Gulf Coast beaches, Civil Rights sites, caverns, and auto museums like the Talladega Superspeedway. Sports like football and NASCAR racing are also extremely popular.

In summary, Alabama offers southern culture spanning its coastline, farmlands, and cities combined with significant civil rights history and diverse music traditions. Its southern charm and heritage make it a unique state to explore.

Alabama locator map
Location of Alabama

Quick Facts about Alabama

Population : 4,921,532
Country : United States of America
Head of government : Governor of Alabama
Water as percent of area : 3.39%
Land as percent of area : 96.61%
Continent : North America
Northernmost point : Point(-88.1929 35.0079)
Legislative body : Alabama Legislature
Named for : Alabama people
Official language : English
Altitude : 499 feet / 152 meters
Capital : Cahaba, Montgomery, Tuscaloosa
Establishment : December 12, 1819 (204 years ago)
Time Zone : America/Chicago, Central Time Zone, UTC−06:00
Local time : 23:15:51 (15th July 2024)
Alabama Capitol Building image
Alabama Capitol Building
Alabama Capitol Building image


Alabama is located at 32°45'1"N 86°45'1"W (32.7504100, -86.7502600). It has 4 neighbors: Florida, Georgia, Mississippi and Tennessee.

Alabama map

The largest city of Alabama is Birmingham with a population of 206,950. Other cities include, Huntsville population 202,964, Montgomery population 196,268, Mobile population 187,746 and Tuscaloosa population 102,819. See all Alabama cities & populated places.

Largest Cities in Alabama (more)

Cities, Towns, Villages, Neighborhoods & Other Populated Places in Alabama.

City Name Title County Population
Birmingham The most populous city in Alabama. Jefferson 206,950
Huntsville The second most populous city in Alabama. Madison 202,964
Montgomery The capital of Alabama. Montgomery 196,268
Mobile The second most populous city in Alabama. Mobile 187,746
Tuscaloosa The most populous city in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. Tuscaloosa 102,819
Hoover The most populous city in Jefferson County, Alabama. Jefferson 85,959
Dothan The most populous city in Houston County, Alabama. Houston 69,414
Auburn The most populous city in Lee County, Alabama. Lee 68,343
City of Auburn City in Lee County, Alabama, USA Lee 60,258
Decatur The most populous city in Morgan County, Alabama. Morgan 54,381
Madison The most populous city in Madison County, Alabama. Madison 52,654
Florence The county seat of Lauderdale County, Alabama. Lauderdale 41,166
Prattville City in Alabama, United States of America Autauga 36,500
Phenix City City in Alabama Russell 36,487
East Florence City in Lauderdale County, Alabama, United States of America Lauderdale 35,733
Gadsden City in and the county seat of Etowah County in the U. Etowah 34,816

Show more Alabama cities and populated places

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Alabama has 4 neighbours.

  • Florida state in the southeastern United States
  • Georgia state in the southeastern United States
  • Mississippi state of the United States of America
  • Tennessee state of the United States of America

  • Jackson County
  • Dale County
  • Cherokee County
  • Chambers County
  • Coffee County
  • Talladega County
  • Marengo County
  • Monroe County
  • Etowah County
  • Escambia County
  • Sumter County
  • Dallas County
  • Macon County
  • Conecuh County
  • Cleburne County
  • Lowndes County
  • Randolph County
  • Franklin County
  • Hale County
  • Colbert County
  • Tuscaloosa County
  • Russell County
  • Greene County
  • Geneva County
  • Mobile County
  • St. Clair County
  • Pike County
  • Henry County
  • Crenshaw County
  • Coosa County
  • Clarke County
  • Marion County
  • Chilton County
  • Madison County
  • Covington County
  • Wilcox County
  • Clay County
  • Lee County
  • Blount County
  • Shelby County
  • Choctaw County
  • Walker County
  • Winston County
  • Baldwin County
  • Pickens County
  • Limestone County
  • Washington County
  • Cullman County
  • Jefferson County
  • Lauderdale County
  • Lawrence County
  • Butler County
  • Morgan County
  • Lamar County
  • Bibb County
  • Fayette County
  • Autauga County
  • Montgomery County
  • Barbour County
  • Calhoun County
  • Tallapoosa County
  • Houston County
  • Elmore County
  • Bullock County
  • DeKalb County
  • Marshall County
  • Perry County


Year Population % Change Method
1880 1,262,794 -
1910 2,138,093 40.94% census
1920 2,348,174 8.95% census
1930 2,646,248 11.26% census
1940 2,832,961 6.59% census
1950 3,061,743 7.47% census
1960 3,266,740 6.28% census
1970 3,444,165 5.15% census
1980 3,893,888 11.55% census
1990 4,040,587 3.63% census
2000 4,447,100 9.14% census
2010 4,779,736 6.96% census
2011 4,799,069 0.4% estimation process
2012 4,815,588 0.34% estimation process
2013 4,830,081 0.3% estimation process
2014 4,841,799 0.24% estimation process
2015 4,852,347 0.22% estimation process
2016 4,863,525 0.23% estimation process
2017 4,874,486 0.22% estimation process
2018 4,887,681 0.27% estimation process
2019 4,903,185 0.32% estimation process
2020 4,921,532 0.37% estimation process

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People born in Alabama (193)

People born in Alabama, including politician W. F. Turner, diplomat Ronald D. Johnson, photographer Michael Nichols, .


  • Hassani Gravett (American basketball player) he was born in 16/07/1996
  • Mark Spencer (computer engineer) he was born in 08/04/1977
  • Colonel Sanders (American entrepreneur and businessman) he was born in 09/09/1890
  • Jimmy Swan (American singer) he was born in 18/11/1912
  • Ma Rainey (African-American blues singer) she was born in 26/04/1886
  • William McIntosh (Muscogee chief) he was born in 01/01/1775
  • Opothleyahola (Muscogee Creek chief) he was born in 01/01/1798
  • Linda Howard (American writer) she was born in 03/08/1950
  • Avery Ardovino (American ski jumper) she was born in 13/02/1992
  • Holland Smith (United States Marine Corps general) he was born in 20/04/1882
  • Thomas Hinman Moorer (Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff) he was born in 09/02/1912
  • Billy Hitchcock (American baseball player, coach, manager, and scout (1916-2006)) he was born in 31/07/1916
  • Pendleton Murrah (American politician (1826-1865)) he was born in 01/01/1826
  • Coot Grant (American classic female blues and vaudeville singer and songwriter) she was born in 17/06/1893
  • Curley Money (American rockabilly musician) he was born in 20/03/1925
  • Ed Bell (American musician) he was born in 01/01/1905
  • Heinie Manush (American baseball player and coach) he was born in 20/07/1901
  • Hal Harris (American musician) he was born in 27/09/1920

Other places with the same name (2)

Alabama Counties (more)

Jefferson County
Jefferson County

Jefferson County, county in Alabama, United States

Mobile County
Mobile County

Mobile County, county in Alabama, United States

Madison County
Madison County

Madison County, county in Alabama, United States

County Name Population
Jefferson County 655,342
Mobile County 412,716
Madison County 379,453
Baldwin County 229,287
Montgomery County 224,639
Shelby County 221,428
Tuscaloosa County 210,758
Lee County 166,831
Morgan County 119,883
Calhoun County 113,469
Houston County 106,580
Etowah County 102,371
Limestone County 102,228
Marshall County 96,990
Lauderdale County 93,368
Saint Clair County 90,739

Show more Alabama counties

Map & Images (more maps)

Alabama Coal Resources
Alabama Coal Resources
Alabama Counties
Alabama Counties
Alabama Forest Types
Alabama Forest Types
Alabama General Physiography
Alabama General Physiography
Alabama Map Soils
Alabama Map Soils
Alabama Physiographic Regions
Alabama Physiographic Regions
Alabama Road Map
Alabama Road Map
Alabama Topographic Map
Alabama Topographic Map
Albama Major Rivers Map
Albama Major Rivers Map
Albama Rivers Map
Albama Rivers Map
Map of Alabama Terrain Na
Map of Alabama Terrain Na
Alabama Flag Map
Alabama Flag Map
Alabama Relief Map
Alabama Relief Map
Where Is Alabama Located
Where Is Alabama Located
Alabama Cities And Towns
Alabama Cities And Towns
Alabama County Map
Alabama County Map
Alabama Reference Map
Alabama Reference Map
Alabama Rivers And Lakes
Alabama Rivers And Lakes
Alabama Plant Hardiness Zone Map
Alabama Plant Hardiness Zone Map