Alaska, US

Alaska: Alaska is one of fifty states that make up the United States of America. Its capital is Juneau and its most populous city is Anchorage. It is located in the far northwest of North America, in the West region of the country, Pacific division. It borders the Arctic Ocean to the north, Canada to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the south, and the Bering Sea to the west. At 1,717,856 km² it is the largest state in the country and the seventh largest subnational entity in the world, behind the republic of Saja (Russia), Western Australia, Krai of Krasnoyarsk (Russia), Greenland (Denmark), Nunavut (Canada) and Queensland (Australia); 710,231 people in 2010,


Alaska became the 49th state admitted to the Union on January 3, 1959. It is the largest and most sparsely populated state, known for its rugged natural beauty.

Geography and Climate

Alaska covers 663,268 square miles of varied terrain including glaciers, mountains, tundras, and forests. It shares an eastern border with Canada and is surrounded by waters such as the Bering Sea, Arctic Ocean and Pacific Ocean.

The climate is mostly subarctic with long cold winters and short mild summers. Significant precipitation in the southeast creates the Tongass National Forest, the largest in the U.S.

Economy and Industry

Key industries include oil and gas production, fishing, timber and mining. The Trans-Alaska Pipeline transports crude oil. Commercial fishing of salmon, cod and crab is important. Major companies headquartered in Alaska include Donlin Gold and ConocoPhillips Alaska.

Tourism also thrives in summer with attractions like Denali National Park, Glacier Bay and cruises to spot natural wildlife like polar bears.

Culture and Demographics

Alaska has about 730,000 residents. The largest ethnic group is white at 63%, followed by Alaska Natives and American Indians at 15%. It has a vibrant Native culture with influences from Alaskan Natives, Russians and Americans.

Government and Politics

The state capital and largest city is Juneau located in the Inside Passage region. The current governor is Mike Dunleavy, Republican. Alaska is a solidly Republican state in presidential elections.


In summary, Alaska is the largest and northernmost U.S. state filled with natural wonders. It has an independent pioneering spirit along with Native Alaskan and Russian influences. Abundant wilderness, natural resources and scenic beauty continue to draw adventurous residents and travelers.

Alaska locator map
Location of Alaska

Quick Facts about Alaska

Population : 731,545
Country : United States of America
Different from : Alaska, Alaska
Head of government : Governor of Alaska
Area : 1717856 km2
Water as percent of area : 14.24%
Land as percent of area : 85.76%
Easternmost point : Point(179.770555555 51.958888888), Point(-129.974194444 55.281944444)
Northernmost point : Point(-156.4746 71.387)
Legislative body : Alaska Legislature
Official language : English, Gwich’in, Hän, Dena'ina, Upper Kuskokwim, Koyukon, Tanacross, Alutiiq, Ahtna, Aleut, Tsimshian, Tlingit, Inupiat, Yupik languages, Haida, Eyak, Deg Xinag, Tanana languages, Holikachuk
Altitude : 1,903 feet / 580 meters
Capital : Juneau
Establishment : January 01, 1959 (65 years ago)
Time Zone : Hawaii–Aleutian Time Zone, America/Anchorage, UTC−09:00, UTC+14:00
Local time : 09:11:21 (29th May 2024)
Anchorage from Earthquake Park image
Anchorage from Earthquake Park
Anchorage from Earthquake Park image


Alaska is located at 64°0'1"N 150°0'1"W (64.0002800, -150.0002800). It has 3 neighbors: Chukotskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug, British Columbia and Yukon.

Alaska map

The largest city of Alaska is Anchorage with a population of 294,356. Other cities include, Juneau population 31,974, Fairbanks population 30,696, Eagle River population 24,793 and Wasilla population 11,099. See all Alaska cities & populated places.

Largest Cities in Alaska (more)

Cities, Towns, Villages, Neighborhoods & Other Populated Places in Alaska.

City Name Title County Population
Anchorage The most populous city in Alaska and the center of the Anchorage metropolitan area. Anchorage Municipality 294,356
Juneau City in and state capital of Alaska, United States Juneau City and Borough 31,974
Fairbanks City in Alaska, USA Fairbanks North Star Borough 30,696
Eagle River Community in Alaska, USA Anchorage Municipality 24,793
Badger Census-designated place in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska Fairbanks North Star Borough 19,482
College Census-designated place in Alaska, United States Fairbanks North Star Borough 12,964
Wasilla City in Alaska, USA Matanuska-Susitna Borough 11,099
Sitka City-borough in Alaska, USA Sitka City and Borough 8,493
Kusilvak Census Area Census area in Alaska, United States Kohīma 8,328
Tanaina Census-designated place in Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska Matanuska-Susitna Borough 8,197
Ketchikan City in Alaska, USA Ketchikan Gateway Borough 8,187
Kenai City in Alaska Kenai Peninsula Borough 7,890
Kalifornsky Census designated place in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska Kenai Peninsula Borough 7,850
Palmer City in Alaska, USA Matanuska-Susitna Borough 7,766
Meadow Lakes Census designated place in Alaska, United States Matanuska-Susitna Borough 7,570
Bethel City in Alaska, USA Bethel Census Area 6,658

Show more Alaska cities and populated places

    Mike J. Dunleavy ,

Alaska has 3 neighbours.

  • Lake and Peninsula Borough
  • Anchorage Municipality
  • Haines Borough
  • Wrangell
  • Ketchikan Gateway Borough
  • Fairbanks North Star Borough
  • Sitka
  • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
  • Juneau
  • Bristol Bay Borough
  • North Slope Borough
  • Kenai Peninsula Borough
  • Yakutat
  • Petersburg
  • Denali Borough
  • Aleutians East Borough
  • Skagway
  • Unorganized Borough
  • Northwest Arctic Borough
  • Kodiak Island Borough


Year Population % Change Method
1960 226,167 - census
1970 300,382 24.71% census
1980 401,851 25.25% census
1990 550,043 26.94% census
2000 626,932 12.26% census
2010 710,231 11.73% census
2011 722,128 1.65% estimation process
2012 730,443 1.14% estimation process
2013 737,068 0.9% estimation process
2014 736,283 -0.11% estimation process
2015 737,498 0.16% estimation process
2016 741,456 0.53% estimation process
2017 739,700 -0.24% estimation process
2018 735,139 -0.62% estimation process
2019 731,545 -0.49% estimation process

'Alaka, A-la-su-ka, AK, Alaeksa, Alakskak, Alaksu, Alasca, Alaschka, Alaska, Alaska suyu, Alasko, Alaszka, Aleska, Aliaksa, Aliaska, Aljask, Aljaska, Aljaskae, Aljaske, Aljaška, Alyaska, Alyaska Shitati, Alýaska, Anian, Aļaska, Ałasca, Estado de Alaska, Gamaland, Hakʼaz Dineʼé Bikéyah Hahoodzo, Lalaskaen, Lalaskän, Land of the Midnight Sun, New Albion, Sewards Folly, Shtat Aljaska, State of Alaska, Territory of Alaska, a la si jia, a la si jia zhou, alasaka, alaska, alaska ayalty, allaeseuka ju, arasuka zhou, yەlaska, Àláskà, Â-lâ-sṳ̂-kâ, Αλάσκα, Аляск, Аляскæ, Аляска, Аляске, Алјаска, Аљаска, Штат Аляска, Ալյասկա, אלאסקע, אלסקה, آلاسکا, آلاسکا ایالتی, ألاسكا, ئەلاسکا, الاسكا, الاسکا, ܐܠܐܣܟܐ, अलास्का, अलास्‍का, আলাস্কা, ਅਲਾਸਕਾ, ଆଲାସ୍କା, அலாஸ்கா, అలాస్కా, ಅಲಾಸ್ಕ, അലാസ്ക, ඇලස්කාව, รัฐอะแลสกา, အလက်စကာပြည်နယ်, ალასკა, አላስካ, ᐊᓛᓯᑲ, ‘Ālaka, アラスカ州, 阿拉斯加, 阿拉斯加州, 알래스카 주

People born in Alaska (59)

People born in Alaska, including film director Mark A.Z. Dippé, fictional character in Star Trek William Riker, strength athlete Jesse Marunde, .


  • Hope Summers (character from Marvel Comics)
  • Reuben Langdon (American stunt man and voice actor) he was born in 19/07/1975
  • Andrew Lynch (American singer-songwriter) he was born in 01/01/1953
  • Barrett Willoughby (American writer) she was born in 01/01/1886
  • Christine Hume (American writer) she was born in 01/01/1968
  • Das Williams (Member of California State Assembly) he was born in 29/06/1974
  • David Salmon (American politician) he was born in 01/01/1912
  • Jennifer Jolly (Journalist and Broadcaster) she was born in 22/02/1971
  • Kirsten Gum (Sportscaster, reality show host, raw chef) she was born in 08/12/1972
  • Lenne Hardt (American actress)
  • Rebecca Rotzler (American politician) she was born in 19/03/1962
  • Richard A. Scott (comics artist) he was born in 19/02/1964
  • Sue Henry (writer) she was born in 19/01/1940
  • Sonihat he was born in 01/01/1855
  • Ed Iten (musher) he was born in 01/01/1953
  • Robert T. Fletcher III he was born in 27/11/1963
  • Sinrock Mary (Reindeer herder) she was born in 01/01/1870
  • Takashi Ohno (American politician)

Alaska Counties (more)

Anchorage Municipality
Anchorage Municipality

Anchorage Municipality, city in Alaska, United States

Matanuska-Susitna Borough
Matanuska-Susitna Borough

Matanuska-Susitna Borough, borough in Alaska, United States

Fairbanks North Star Borough
Fairbanks North Star Borough

Fairbanks North Star Borough, borough in Alaska, United States

County Name Population
Anchorage Municipality 287,095
Matanuska-Susitna Borough 110,213
Fairbanks North Star Borough 95,651
Kenai Peninsula Borough 59,414
Juneau City and Borough 31,849
Bethel Census Area 18,437
Ketchikan Gateway Borough 13,747
Kodiak Island Borough 12,992
Nome Census Area 9,909
North Slope Borough 9,294
Valdez-Cordova Census Area 9,202
Sitka City and Borough 8,405
Northwest Arctic Borough 7,644
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area 6,957
Aleutians West Census Area 5,680
Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area 5,077

Show more Alaska counties

Map & Images (more maps)

Alaska Regions Map
Alaska Regions Map
Alaska Area Compared To Conterminous Us
Alaska Area Compared To Conterminous Us
Alaska Map
Alaska Map
Alaska Flag Map
Alaska Flag Map
Attu Alaska Relief Map
Attu Alaska Relief Map
Historical Map Alaska
Historical Map Alaska
Historical Map Southern Alaska
Historical Map Southern Alaska
Where Is Alaska Located
Where Is Alaska Located
Alaska Counties And Cities
Alaska Counties And Cities
Alaska County Map
Alaska County Map
Alaska Reference Map
Alaska Reference Map
Alaska Rivers And Lakes
Alaska Rivers And Lakes
Alaska Location Map
Alaska Location Map
Alaska Plant Hardiness Zone Map
Alaska Plant Hardiness Zone Map