Louisiana, US

Louisiana: State in the southern United States


Louisiana is a southern state located along the Gulf of Mexico known for its Cajun and Creole culture. It is bordered by Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi, and the Gulf.

Some key facts about Louisiana:

  • Capital: Baton Rouge
  • Population: Around 4.6 million
  • Area: 52,378 square miles (31st largest state)
  • Nickname: The Pelican State

Louisiana's geography consists of swamps, marshes, forests, farmland, and long miles of coastline. The Mississippi River runs through it, and Louisiana contains the Atchafalaya River Basin wetlands. The climate is humid subtropical with long hot summers.

New Orleans is the most populous city, known for jazz music, Mardi Gras celebrations, and Creole cuisine. Other major metro areas include Baton Rouge and Shreveport. The Port of New Orleans drives the economy.

Louisiana's culture blends French, Spanish, African, and American influences. Cajuns settled the bayous, which retain French language and customs. Local cuisine features spicy Creole dishes like gumbo, jambalaya and po' boys.

Louisiana offers many outdoor activities - fishing, boating, swamp tours, museums, and lively festivals. The state faces environmental challenges like coastal erosion and frequent storms.

In summary, Louisiana provides a unique window into Francophone heritage and vibrant melting-pot traditions through its incomparable food, music, language and laid-back lifestyle.

Louisiana locator map
Location of Louisiana

Quick Facts about Louisiana

Population : 4,645,318
Country : United States of America
Different from : La (surname particle)
Head of government : Governor of Louisiana
Area : 135382 km2
Water as percent of area : 17.52%
Land as percent of area : 82.48%
Easternmost point : Point(-88.818091111 29.907376111)
Northernmost point : Point(-93.9215 33.0196)
Legislative body : Louisiana State Legislature
Named for : Louis XIV of France
Altitude : 98 feet / 30 meters
Capital : Baton Rouge
Establishment : April 04, 1812 (211 years ago)
Time Zone : Central Time Zone, UTC−06:00, America/Chicago
Local time : 17:05:22 (27th February 2024)
Fontainebleau State Park  Louisiana 2019 01 image
Fontainebleau State Park Louisiana 2019 01
Fontainebleau State Park  Louisiana 2019 01 image


Louisiana is located at 31°0'2"N 92°0'1"W (31.0004700, -92.0004000). It has 3 neighbors: Arkansas, Mississippi and Texas.

Louisiana map

The largest city of Louisiana is New Orleans with a population of 389,476. Other cities include, Baton Rouge population 219,052, Shreveport population 184,786, Metairie Terrace population 142,489 and Metairie population 138,481. See all Louisiana cities & populated places.

Largest Cities in Louisiana (more)

Cities, Towns, Villages, Neighborhoods & Other Populated Places in Louisiana.

City Name Title County Population
New Orleans The most populous city in Louisiana and the center of the New Orleans metropolitan area. Orleans Parish 389,476
Baton Rouge The capital of Louisiana. East Baton Rouge Parish 219,052
Shreveport The second most populous city in Louisiana. Caddo Parish 184,786
Metairie Terrace A census-designated place in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. Jefferson Parish 142,489
Metairie The most populous suburb of New Orleans, Louisiana. Jefferson Parish 138,481
Lafayette The third most populous city in Acadiana, Louisiana. Lafayette Parish 126,535
Lake Charles The second most populous city in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. Calcasieu Parish 78,433
Bossier City The most populous city in Bossier Parish, Louisiana. Bossier Parish 68,159
Kenner The most populous city in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. Jefferson Parish 66,288
Monroe The most populous city in Ouachita Parish, Louisiana. Ouachita Parish 46,998
City of Alexandria Largest city and parish seat of Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States Rapides Parish 46,180
Alexandria The capital of Louisiana. Rapides Parish 45,573
Marrero CDP in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana Jefferson Parish 33,141
Houma Only incorporated city and parish seat of Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana, United States Terrebonne Parish 32,467
Laplace Unincorporated suburban community and census-designated place in Saint John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana, United States of America Saint John the Baptist Parish 29,872
Central Suburb city of Baton Rouge, located in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States East Baton Rouge Parish 29,450

Show more Louisiana cities and populated places

    John Bel Edwards ,

Louisiana has 3 neighbours.

  • Arkansas state of the United States of America
  • Mississippi state of the United States of America
  • Texas state in the southern United States

  • Richland Parish
  • St. Tammany Parish
  • Webster Parish
  • Acadia Parish
  • Union Parish
  • Evangeline Parish
  • Franklin Parish
  • St. Mary Parish
  • Lafourche Parish
  • Allen Parish
  • Bossier Parish
  • Jackson Parish
  • DeSoto Parish
  • St. James Parish
  • St. Charles Parish
  • Winn Parish
  • Claiborne Parish
  • St. Helena Parish
  • Jefferson Davis Parish
  • Concordia Parish
  • Lafayette Parish
  • East Baton Rouge Parish
  • Plaquemines Parish
  • Livingston Parish
  • Natchitoches Parish
  • Lincoln Parish
  • St. John the Baptist Parish
  • Morehouse Parish
  • Tangipahoa Parish
  • Grant Parish
  • Vernon Parish
  • West Carroll Parish
  • Assumption Parish
  • West Baton Rouge Parish
  • West Feliciana Parish
  • Beauregard Parish
  • Orleans Parish
  • East Carroll Parish
  • East Feliciana Parish
  • St. Bernard Parish
  • Rapides Parish
  • Jefferson Parish
  • Washington Parish
  • Red River Parish
  • St. Martin Parish
  • Ouachita Parish
  • Avoyelles Parish
  • Calcasieu Parish
  • Madison Parish
  • La Salle Parish
  • Bienville Parish
  • Cameron Parish
  • Terrebonne Parish
  • St. Landry Parish
  • Sabine Parish
  • Caldwell Parish
  • Catahoula Parish
  • Caddo Parish
  • Ascension Parish
  • Tensas Parish
  • Vermilion Parish
  • Iberville Parish
  • Iberia Parish
  • Pointe Coupee Parish


Year Population % Change Method
1910 1,656,388 - census
1920 1,798,509 7.9% census
1930 2,101,593 14.42% census
1940 2,363,880 11.1% census
1950 2,683,516 11.91% census
1960 3,257,022 17.61% census
1970 3,641,306 10.55% census
1980 4,205,900 13.42% census
1990 4,219,973 0.33% census
2000 4,468,976 5.57% census
2010 4,533,372 1.42% census
2011 4,575,625 0.92% estimation process
2012 4,600,972 0.55% estimation process
2013 4,624,527 0.51% estimation process
2014 4,644,013 0.42% estimation process
2015 4,664,628 0.44% estimation process
2016 4,678,135 0.29% estimation process
2017 4,670,560 -0.16% estimation process
2018 4,659,690 -0.23% estimation process
2019 4,648,794 -0.23% estimation process
2020 4,645,318 -0.07% estimation process

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People born in Louisiana (200)

People born in Louisiana, including librarian Ernestine H. Stevens, musician Jimmy Wilson, actress Tia Texada, .


  • The Axeman of New Orleans (unidentified serial killer) was born in 01/01/1970
  • Delphine LaLaurie (French créole Serial Killer) she was born in 19/03/1787
  • Lead Belly (American folk and blues musician) he was born in 29/01/1885
  • Don Wilkerson (American musician) he was born in 06/07/1932
  • Eddie South (American musician) he was born in 27/11/1904
  • Mutt Carey (American musician) he was born in 17/09/1891
  • Beverly Matherne (American writer) she was born in 15/03/1946
  • Memphis Minnie (American blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter) she was born in 03/06/1896
  • Amédé Ardoin (American Louisiana Creole musician) he was born in 11/03/1898
  • Tommy Ladnier (Jazz cornetist/trumpeter) he was born in 28/05/1900
  • Teddy Grace (American jazz singer) she was born in 26/06/1905
  • Faith Hunter (American author) she was born in 01/01/1953
  • Brent Albright (American professional wrestler) he was born in 28/11/1978
  • Bel Abbey (American anthropologist) he was born in 10/04/1916
  • Benjamin Atkins (American serial killer) he was born in 26/08/1968
  • Dee Brown (American writer) he was born in 29/02/1908
  • W. G. Snuffy Walden (American musician and composer of film and television soundtracks) he was born in 13/02/1950
  • Monk Hazel (American musician) he was born in 15/08/1903

Other places with the same name (2)

Louisiana Counties (more)

East Baton Rouge Parish
East Baton Rouge Parish

East Baton Rouge Parish, parish in Louisiana, United States

Jefferson Parish
Jefferson Parish

Jefferson Parish, parish in Louisiana, United States

Orleans Parish
Orleans Parish

Orleans Parish, New Orleans consolidated city-parish in Louisiana, United States

County Name Population
East Baton Rouge Parish 439,729
Jefferson Parish 432,346
Orleans Parish 389,476
Saint Tammany Parish 263,446
Lafayette Parish 246,518
Caddo Parish 237,479
Calcasieu Parish 203,310
Ouachita Parish 152,439
Livingston Parish 143,737
Tangipahoa Parish 136,765
Ascension Parish 128,665
Rapides Parish 128,567
Bossier Parish 127,275
Terrebonne Parish 109,859
Lafourche Parish 97,596
Saint Landry Parish 81,440

Show more Louisiana counties