Lawrence, Massachusetts

Lawrence: The third most populous city in Massachusetts. It is located on the Merrimack River in northeastern Massachusetts. Lawrence is known for its many parks and green spaces, its many historical sites, and its many attractions, such as the Lawrence History Museum and the Lawrence Arts Center.


Lawrence is a city located in the county of Essex in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. Its population at the 2010 census was 76,377 and a population density of 3,969 people per km². After 10 years in 2020 city had an estimated population of 80,007 inhabitants.

The city was created 369 years ago in 1654.

Lawrence is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, on the Merrimack River. As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 89,143. Surrounding communities include Methuen to the north, Andover to the southwest, and North Andover to the east. 

The city is named after Amos Adams Lawrence (1792–1862), a prominent politician, merchant and industrialist who was one of seven entrepreneurs who founded Haverhill in 1845. Lawrence's first mill was set up on Turner's Falls in 1847. The mills employed about 7,000 people at their peak during World War II and were later used by General Electric for research and development before being sold in 2005. The city continues to be home to an abundance of manufacturing companies including several precision tool shops which produce parts for Boeing jets among other products.

Lawrence was an important center for textile manufacturing from its founding until World War II; its access to water power and labor made it competitive with larger cities for much of that time. After the war, with new investment in modern machinery, it became one of America's most productive textile centers; however foreign competition led to closure of all but one mill by 2000.

The city has repeatedly been ranked as one of America's most diverse cities by U.S. News & World Report. It was a favorite destination for immigrants from Ireland, Italy and Eastern Europe at the beginning of the 20th century; there are thus many Irish pubs; Italian restaurants serving standard American cuisine with an Italian twist; Polish delicatessens; and Russian stores all over the city. The five largest ethnic groups in Lawrence according to U.S. Census data from 2000 are Irish (19%), Italian (14%), English (13%),

Lawrence locator map
Location of Lawrence on Massachusetts map.

Quick Facts about Lawrence

Population : 80,007 (2020)
Country : United States of America
State : Massachusetts (United States)
County : Essex County
Postal code : 01915
Area : 19.24 km2
Official name : Lawrence
Altitude : 36 feet / 11 meters
Establishment : January 01, 1655 (369 years ago)
Time Zone : Eastern Time Zone
Local time : 00:51:23 (17th April 2024)
Density : 4,158 Pop. per km² as of 2020
Population growth : 4.54% (2010-2020)
Ayer Mill View image
Ayer Mill View
Ayer Mill View image


Lawrence is located at 42°42'25"N 71°9'47"W (42.7070400, -71.1631100).

Lawrence map


The population of Lawrence increased by 4.54% in 10 years.

Year Population % Change Method
2010 76,377 - census
2011 77,260 1.14% estimation process
2012 77,910 0.83% estimation process
2013 78,382 0.6% estimation process
2014 79,182 1.01% estimation process
2015 79,699 0.65% estimation process
2016 79,818 0.15% estimation process
2017 80,003 0.23% estimation process
2018 80,112 0.14% estimation process
2019 80,028 -0.1% estimation process
2020 80,007 -0.03% estimation process

Lawrence zip code is 01840. County name: Essex, County fips: 25009

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People born in Lawrence (133)

People born in Lawrence, including composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist Leonard Bernstein, actress Thelma Todd, poet Ernest Thayer, .


  • Joe Perry (American musician) he was born in 10/09/1950
  • Sully Erna (American singer, musician, and songwriter) he was born in 07/02/1968
  • Endicott Peabody (American politician) he was born in 15/02/1920
  • Philip J. Davis (American mathematician) he was born in 02/01/1923
  • Bonnie Newman (American businesswoman) she was born in 02/06/1945
  • William J. Justice (Catholic bishop) he was born in 08/05/1942
  • Robert Goulet (American singer and actor (1933-2007)) he was born in 26/11/1933
  • Fred Tootell (American track and field athlete and coach, college athletics administrator) he was born in 09/09/1902
  • Robbie Merrill (American musician) he was born in 13/06/1963
  • Robert S. Maloney (American politician (1881-1934)) he was born in 03/02/1881
  • Daniel Anthony Hart (Catholic bishop) he was born in 24/08/1927
  • Paul Monette (American writer) he was born in 16/10/1945
  • Termanology (American rapper) he was born in 09/11/1981
  • Leo Penn (American actor (1921-1998)) he was born in 27/08/1921
  • John Joubert (American serial killer) he was born in 02/07/1963
  • William John McNaughton (Catholic bishop) he was born in 07/12/1926
  • Horace Fletcher (American health food enthusiast) he was born in 10/08/1849
  • Irene Daye (American singer) she was born in 17/01/1918

Schools in Lawrence

College & universities near Lawrence, MA

Code Name City ZIP
369002 Massachusetts School of Law Andover (MA) 01810
468963 New England Tractor Trailer Training School of Massachusetts North Andover (MA) 01845-1048
166850 Merrimack College North Andover (MA) 01845
217606 Northpoint Bible College Haverhill (MA) 01835
410964 EINE Inc Tewksbury (MA) 01876

Stations (26)

Amtrak & bus stations near Lawrence, MA

Code Name Address Type
HHL Haverhill station Washington Street at Railroad Square RAIL
WOB Anderson Regional Transportation Center 100 Atlantic Ave. RAIL
NBT Newburyport, Massachusetts 90 Storey Avenue BUS
NSH Nashua, NH 8 North Southwood Drive BUS
EXR Exeter station 60 Lincoln Street RAIL

Post offices near Lawrence

Post Office Name City ZIP
Lawren Post Office Lawrence (MA) 01840
Methuen Post Office Methuen (MA) 01844
North Andover Post Office North Andover (MA) 01845
Shawsheen Villag Post Office Andover (MA) 01810
Andover Post Office Andover (MA) 01810

Other places with the same name (12)

  • Lawrence , Indiana A city in Marion County, Indiana. It is located in the central part of the state. Lawrence is known for its many parks and green spaces, its many historical sites, and its many attractions, such as the Lawrence Heritage Center and the Lawrence Community Center. with a population of 49,545 people.
  • Lawrence , New Jersey township in Mercer County, New Jersey with a population of 32,595 people.
  • Lawrence , New York village in Nassau County, New York in the USA with a population of 6,535 people.
  • Lawrence , Illinois township in Lawrence County, Illinois with a population of 4,380 people.
  • Lawrence , Pennsylvania census designated place in Pennsylvania, United States with a population of 1,627 people.
  • Lawrence , Michigan village in Michigan, United States with a population of 970 people.
  • Lawrence , Ohio township in Lawrence County, Ohio with a population of 863 people.
  • Lawrence , Minnesota human settlement in St. Lawrence Township, Minnesota, United States of America with a population of 435 people.
  • Lawrence , Wisconsin town in Wisconsin, United States with a population of 288 people.
  • Lawrence , Nebraska village in Nebraska, United States with a population of 278 people.
  • Lawrence , Kansas city in Kansas, United States with a population of 27 people.

Other cities in Essex County

Cities, towns, neighborhoods & other populated places in Essex County , MA. (more)

City Name Population Title
Lynn 94,539 The third most populous city in Essex County, Massachusetts.
Haverhill 64,098 The most populous city in Essex County, Massachusetts.
Peabody 53,063 A city in Essex County, Massachusetts.
Methuen 50,910 The most populous city in Essex County, Massachusetts.
South Peabody 50,293 A census-designated place in Essex County, Massachusetts.
Salem 43,581 The capital of Massachusetts.
Beverly 42,242 A city in Essex County, Massachusetts.
Beverly Cove 40,365 A census-designated place in Barnstable County, Massachusetts.
Andover 36,554 Town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
North Andover 31,460 Town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
Gloucester 30,539 City on Cape Ann in Essex County, Massachusetts, in the United States
Saugus 28,542 Town in Massachusetts
Danvers 27,571 Town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
Marblehead 20,551 Town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
Newburyport 18,495 City in Massachusetts
Amesbury 17,537 City in Massachusetts

Distance to Other Cities

Lawrence distances to largest Massachusetts cities