Cambridge, Massachusetts

Cambridge: The most populous city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. It is located on the Charles River in eastern Massachusetts. Cambridge is known for its many colleges and universities, its many parks and green spaces, and its many attractions, such as Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


Cambridge is a city located in the county of Middlesex in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. Its population at the 2010 census was 105,162 and a population density of 5,710 people per km². After 10 years in 2020 city had an estimated population of 119,192 inhabitants.

The city was created 393 years ago in 1629.

Cambridge is a city located north of Boston along the Charles River in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. It is home to Harvard University and MIT with a population of over 119,000 residents.


Settled in 1630, Cambridge was an important early settlement in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. It was named after Cambridge University in England where many settlers attended school.

Cambridge later became an industrial center known for brickmaking, textiles, and food production. The opening of MIT and Harvard's move across the river established its reputation as an academic hub.


As home to Harvard and MIT, higher education and research drive Cambridge's economy. Major companies like Biogen, Novartis, and Akamai have offices in Cambridge to tap the skilled workforce.

Other major industries are biotech, IT, healthcare, finance, and tourism. Cambridge enjoys very low unemployment and high incomes. But the cost of living is quite high.


From cafes to street performers, Harvard Square has an eclectic, youthful vibe. The city celebrates its diversity with events like the Cambridge Carnival International. Live music thrives in Harvard and Central Squares.

Top sites include the campuses of Harvard and MIT, Mt Auburn Cemetery, Longfellow House, and CambridgeSide Galleria for shopping. The city boasts a thriving restaurant scene as a culinary hotspot.


Cambridge has an extensive open space system including parks, playgrounds, paths, and public golf courses. The Charles River offers boating, walking, and recreation opportunities.

Popular natural areas are Fresh Pond Reservation, Danehy Park, and Cambridge Common, the oldest public park in the U.S.


Cambridge's academic excellence, innovation, diversity, arts, and lively neighborhoods make it one of Massachusetts' most dynamic and cultured cities.

Cambridge locator map
Location of Cambridge on Massachusetts map.

Quick Facts about Cambridge

Population : 119,192 (2020)
Country : United States of America
State : Massachusetts (United States)
County : Middlesex County
Postal code : 02138–02142
Phone Area Codes : 617
Area : 18.42 km2
Official name : Cambridge
Named for : Cambridge
Altitude : 39 feet / 12 meters
Capital city : Cambridge is capital of Middlesex County
Establishment : January 01, 1630 (393 years ago)
Time Zone : UTC−05:00, UTC−04:00
Local time : 03:26:24 (29th November 2023)
Density : 6,471 Pop. per km² as of 2020
Population growth : 11.77% (2010-2020)
Cambridge Skyline image
Cambridge Skyline
Cambridge Skyline image


Cambridge is located at 42°22'30"N 71°6'20"W (42.3751000, -71.1056100).

Cambridge map

  • Cambridge
  • Cienfuegos
  • Coimbra
  • Gaeta
  • Kraków
  • San José Las Flores
  • Tsukuba
  • Yerevan


The population of Cambridge increased by 11.77% in 10 years.

Year Population % Change Method
1790 2,115 - demographic balance
1800 2,453 13.78% demographic balance
1810 2,323 -5.6% demographic balance
1820 3,295 29.5% demographic balance
1830 6,072 45.73% demographic balance
1840 8,409 27.79% demographic balance
1850 15,215 44.73% demographic balance
1860 26,060 41.62% demographic balance
1870 39,634 34.25% demographic balance
1880 52,669 24.75% demographic balance
1890 70,028 24.79% demographic balance
1900 91,886 23.79% demographic balance
1910 104,839 12.36% demographic balance
2010 105,162 0.31% census
2011 105,884 0.68% estimation process
2012 107,886 1.86% estimation process
2013 112,036 3.7% estimation process
2014 112,993 0.85% estimation process
2015 113,471 0.42% estimation process
2016 115,685 1.91% estimation process
2017 116,869 1.01% estimation process
2018 118,151 1.09% estimation process
2019 118,927 0.65% estimation process
2020 119,192 0.22% estimation process

Cambridge zip code is 02138. County name: Middlesex, County fips: 25017

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People born in Cambridge (200)

People born in Cambridge, including dog musher, noteworthy as the second woman to win the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in 1986, the second four-time winner in 1990, and the first to win four out of five sequential years Susan Butcher, author Paul Lutus, psychologist James McClelland, .


  • Eddy Duchin (American musician) he was born in 01/04/1909
  • Thomas J. J. Altizer (a U.S.A. theologian) he was born in 28/05/1927
  • Percy Williams Bridgman (American physicist) he was born in 21/04/1882
  • Matt Damon (American actor, screenwriter, and producer) he was born in 08/10/1970
  • Jon Beckwith (American biochemist) he was born in 25/12/1935
  • Anne McCaffrey (American-Irish novelist) she was born in 01/04/1926
  • Jane Curtin (American comedian and actor) she was born in 06/09/1947
  • Douglass North (American economist) he was born in 05/11/1920
  • Lloyd Shapley (American economist and mathematician) he was born in 02/06/1923
  • Susanna Kaysen (American writer) she was born in 11/11/1948
  • Margaret Fuller (American writer and women's activist (1810–1850)) she was born in 23/05/1810
  • Traci Bingham (American actress) she was born in 13/01/1968
  • Russi Taylor (American voice actress (1944-2019)) she was born in 04/05/1944
  • Helen B. Taussig (American cardiologist) she was born in 24/05/1898
  • Sam Waterston (American actor, producer and director) he was born in 15/11/1940
  • Rebecca Pidgeon (British actor and singer-songwriter) she was born in 10/10/1965
  • Debra Granik (American film director, screenwriter and cinematographer) she was born in 06/02/1963
  • E. E. Cummings (American poet, painter, essayist, author, and playwright (1894-1962)) he was born in 14/10/1894

Schools in Cambridge

College & universities near Cambridge, MA

Code Name City ZIP
166452 Lesley University Cambridge (MA) 02138-2790
166027 Harvard University Cambridge (MA) 02138
166683 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge (MA) 02139-4307
166489 Longy School of Music of Bard College Cambridge (MA) 02138
165556 Lincoln Technical Institute-Somerville Somerville (MA) 02145

Stations (20)

Amtrak & bus stations near Cambridge, MA

Code Name Address Type
BON North Station 100 Legends Way RAIL
BBY Back Bay station 145 Dartmouth St. RAIL
BOS South Station 2 South Station RAIL
WOB Anderson Regional Transportation Center 100 Atlantic Ave. RAIL
RTE Route 128 station 50 University Ave RAIL

Post offices near Cambridge

Post Office Name City ZIP
Cambridg Post Office Cambridge (MA) 02139
Harvard Squar Post Office Cambridge (MA) 02138
Inman Squar Post Office Cambridge (MA) 02139
Union Squar Post Office Somerville (MA) 02143
Soldiers Field Post Office Boston (MA) 02163

Other places with the same name (15)

Other cities in Middlesex County

Cities, towns, neighborhoods & other populated places in Middlesex County , MA. (more)

City Name Population Title
Lowell 110,904 The third most populous city in Massachusetts.
City of Lowell 109,945 The third most populous city in Massachusetts.
City of Cambridge 107,289 City in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Newton 87,803 The most populous city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
Somerville 80,935 A city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
City of Somerville 75,754 A city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
Framingham 73,892 Town in Massachusetts
Framingham Center 65,413 A census-designated place (CDP) in Framingham, Massachusetts.
Waltham 62,069 A city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
Medford 60,847 The most populous city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
Malden 59,922 The most populous city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
Everett 46,107 A city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
Arlington 45,169 Town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Billerica 43,021 Town in Massachusetts
Woburn 40,135 A city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
Marlborough 39,290 City in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States

Distance to Other Cities

Cambridge distances to largest Massachusetts cities