Brazoria County, Texas

Brazoria County: County in Texas, United States

About

Brazoria County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 313,166 and a population density of 76 people per km². After 10 years in 2020 county had an estimated population of 380,518 inhabitants. Its county seat is Angleton. The county was created 188 years ago in 1835.

Brazoria County sits along the Gulf Coast south of Houston. It was established in 1836 as one of the original counties in the Republic of Texas. The county was named for the Brazos River which runs through it.

Anglo-American settlers first arrived in the 1820s, establishing communities along the Brazos and San Bernard rivers. Planters grew cotton, corn, and sugarcane using slave labor. The economy relied on river and ocean trade.

Stephen F. Austin built a plantation estate in Brazoria County in the 1830s, establishing it as a center of political influence. His office building still stands today in Brazoria.

Major Cities and Attractions

The county seat is Angleton, with around 20,000 residents. Other cities include:

  • Lake Jackson - Home to Dow Chemical and site of the company's founding
  • Pearland - A fast-growing Houston suburb
  • Alvin - Known as the "Brick Capital of the South" for its brick-making industry

Popular attractions include the Stephen F. Austin Birthplace historic site, Varner-Hogg Plantation, and the Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge for birdwatching and hiking.

Key Industries

The petrochemical industry and shipping drive much of the economy. Oil refineries like Phillips 66 line the county's shoreline. The Port Freeport moves trillions in international trade.

Agriculture also remains important, with rice, cattle, corn and cotton as top products.

In summary, Brazoria County has been shaped by the petrochemical, shipping and agribusiness industries, with deep roots as one of Texas' first Anglo settlements. Historic sites tell the story of its founders like Stephen F. Austin.

Brazoria County locator map
Location of Brazoria County on Texas map.

Quick Facts about Brazoria County

Population : 380,518 (2020)
Country : United States of America
State : Texas (United States)
Twitter username : BrazoriaCounty
Area : 4137 km2
Water as percent of area : 16%
Land as percent of area : 84%
Named for : Brazoria
Altitude : 33 feet / 10 meters
Capital : Angleton
Establishment : January 01, 1836
Time Zone : Central Time Zone
Local time : 06:19:48 (26th February 2024)
Density : 92 Pop. per km² as of 2020
Population growth : 17.7% (2010-2020)
Angleton TX Brazoria county courthouse DSC 6280 ad image
Angleton TX Brazoria county courthouse DSC 6280 ad
Angleton TX Brazoria county courthouse DSC 6280 ad image

Geography

Brazoria County is located at 29°10'4"N 95°26'3"W (29.1678300, -95.4342600). It has 5 neighbors: Fort Bend County, Galveston County, Harris County, Matagorda County and Wharton County.

Brazoria County map

The largest city of Brazoria County is Pearland with a population of 123,562. Other cities include, Alvin population 27,140, Lake Jackson population 27,063, Angleton population 19,521 and Manvel population 13,867. See all Brazoria County cities & populated places.

Brazoria County Populated Places (more)

Cities, towns, neighborhoods & other populated places in Brazoria County.

City Name Population Title
Pearland 123,562 The fifth most populous city in Harris County, Texas.
Alvin 27,140 City in Brazoria County, Texas, United States
Lake Jackson 27,063 City in Brazoria County, Texas, United States
Angleton 19,521 City in Texas, USA
Manvel 13,867 City in Grand Forks County, North Dakota, United States of America
Freeport 12,126 City in Texas
Clute 11,724 City in Brazoria County, Texas, United States
Richwood 4,015 City in West Virginia, United States
West Columbia 3,830 City in Texas, United States
Sweeny 3,618 City in Brazoria County, Texas, United States
Brazoria 3,063 City in Texas, USA
Wild Peach Village 2,452 Census designated place
Jones Creek 2,062 City in Brazoria County, Texas, United States of America
Iowa Colony 1,822 Village in the United States
Danbury 1,757 City in Texas
Brookside Village 1,582 City in Brazoria County, Texas, United States

Brazoria County has 5 neighbours.

Demographics

The population of Brazoria County increased by 17.7% in 10 years.

Year Population % Change Method
2010 313,166 - census
2011 319,147 1.87% estimation process
2012 324,224 1.57% estimation process
2013 329,890 1.72% estimation process
2014 337,570 2.28% estimation process
2015 345,227 2.22% estimation process
2016 353,155 2.24% estimation process
2017 361,853 2.4% estimation process
2018 368,887 1.91% estimation process
2019 374,264 1.44% estimation process
2020 380,518 1.64% estimation process

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People born in Brazoria County (3)

People born in Brazoria County, including United States federal judge Andrew Phelps McCormick, football player James Patton, Music teacher, pianist and composer Cora Behrends, .

List

Texas Other Counties (more counties)

County Name Population Title
Harris County 4,738,253 County in Texas, United States
Dallas County 2,635,888 County in Texas, United States
Houston 2,316,120 The fourth most populous city in the United States and the center of the Houston metropolitan area.
Tarrant County 2,123,347 County in Texas, United States
Bexar County 2,026,823 County in Texas, United States
San Antonio 1,567,118 The seventh most populous city in the United States and the center of the San Antonio metropolitan area.
Dallas 1,343,266 The ninth most populous city in the United States and the center of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area.
Travis County 1,300,503 County in Texas, United States
Collin County 1,072,069 County in Texas, United States
Austin 995,484 The eleventh most populous city in the United States and the center of the Austin metropolitan area.
Fort Worth 927,720 The twelfth most populous city in the United States and the center of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area.
Denton County 919,324 County in Texas, United States
Montopolis 912,791 A neighborhood located in Austin, Texas.
Hidalgo County 875,200 County in New Mexico, United States
El Paso County 841,286 County in Texas, United States
Fort Bend County 839,706 County in Texas, United States