Bastrop County, Texas

Bastrop County: County in Texas, United States


Bastrop County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 74,171 and a population density of 32 people per km². After 10 years in 2020 county had an estimated population of 91,601 inhabitants. Its county seat is Bastrop. The county was created 188 years ago in 1835.

Bastrop County is located just east of Austin in the Central Texas region. It was created in 1836 as one of the original counties when Texas became an independent republic. The county was named after Felipe Enrique Neri, Baron de Bastrop, an early Dutch settler who helped establish the town of Bastrop.

The area was settled in the early 1800s when Stephen F. Austin issued land grants to colonists. Early settlers grew cotton, raised livestock, and established farms along the Colorado River. The historic Bastrop Opera House opened in 1889 and still holds performances today.

Major Cities and Attractions

The largest city and county seat is Bastrop, with around 10,000 residents. Other notable cities include:

  • Elgin - Known as the "Sausage Capital of Texas" for its famous hot sausage
  • Smithville - A popular filming location with historic downtown buildings

Bastrop State Park is a major attraction located along the Colorado River. It offers camping, hiking, fishing and cabins for overnight stays.

The county also holds an annual Homecoming and Rodeo event every March with rodeo events, live music, and carnival rides.

Key Industries

Technology companies have a growing presence in Bastrop County with companies like Activision Blizzard and Hewlett-Packard operating large facilities. Many residents also work in the Austin metro area.

Agriculture remains important with major crops including hay, beef cattle, cotton, corn, and pecans. Bastrop is also emerging as a wine region with several vineyards along the Wine Road 290.

In summary, Bastrop County has an interesting history as one of Texas' original counties. Don't miss visiting the historic opera house in Bastrop, the state park along the Colorado River, and the annual rodeo. The county is also developing as a technology and wine hub close to Austin.

Bastrop County locator map
Location of Bastrop County on Texas map.

Quick Facts about Bastrop County

Population : 91,601 (2020)
Country : United States of America
State : Texas (United States)
Area : 2320 km2
Water as percent of area : 0.8%
Land as percent of area : 99.2%
Named for : Felipe Enrique Neri
Altitude : 361 feet / 110 meters
Capital : Bastrop
Establishment : January 01, 1836
Time Zone : Central Time Zone
Local time : 13:15:22 (23rd February 2024)
Density : 39 Pop. per km² as of 2020
Population growth : 19.03% (2010-2020)
Bastrop courthouse image
Bastrop courthouse
Bastrop courthouse image


Bastrop County is located at 30°6'13"N 97°18'43"W (30.1036100, -97.3120100). It has 4 neighbors: Caldwell County, Fayette County, Lee County and Travis County.

Bastrop County map

The largest city of Bastrop County is Elgin with a population of 10,756. Other cities include, Bastrop population 9,743, Smithville population 4,664 and Colorado population 3,875. See all Bastrop County cities & populated places.

Bastrop County Populated Places

Cities, towns, neighborhoods & other populated places in Bastrop County.

City Name Population Title
Elgin 10,756 City in Bastrop and Travis Counties in the U.
Bastrop 9,743 City in Texas, USA
Camp Swift 6,383 Census designated place
Smithville 4,664 City in Texas
Colorado 3,875 City in Texas, United States of America
Wyldwood 2,505 Census designated place

Bastrop County has 4 neighbours.

  • Bastrop


The population of Bastrop County increased by 19.03% in 10 years.

Year Population % Change Method
2010 74,171 - census
2011 75,055 1.18% estimation process
2012 74,749 -0.41% estimation process
2013 75,814 1.4% estimation process
2014 77,737 2.47% estimation process
2015 80,115 2.97% estimation process
2016 82,591 3% estimation process
2017 84,585 2.36% estimation process
2018 86,595 2.32% estimation process
2019 88,723 2.4% estimation process
2020 91,601 3.14% estimation process

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People born in Bastrop County (3)

People born in Bastrop County, including political scientist Luther H. Evans, centenarian and oldest verified living World War II veteran Richard Overton, librarian, historian and preservationist Verna Jackson McKenna, .


Texas Other Counties (more counties)

County Name Population Title
Harris County 4,738,253 County in Texas, United States
Dallas County 2,635,888 County in Texas, United States
Houston 2,316,120 The fourth most populous city in the United States and the center of the Houston metropolitan area.
Tarrant County 2,123,347 County in Texas, United States
Bexar County 2,026,823 County in Texas, United States
San Antonio 1,567,118 The seventh most populous city in the United States and the center of the San Antonio metropolitan area.
Dallas 1,343,266 The ninth most populous city in the United States and the center of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area.
Travis County 1,300,503 County in Texas, United States
Collin County 1,072,069 County in Texas, United States
Austin 995,484 The eleventh most populous city in the United States and the center of the Austin metropolitan area.
Fort Worth 927,720 The twelfth most populous city in the United States and the center of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area.
Denton County 919,324 County in Texas, United States
Montopolis 912,791 A neighborhood located in Austin, Texas.
Hidalgo County 875,200 County in New Mexico, United States
El Paso County 841,286 County in Texas, United States
Fort Bend County 839,706 County in Texas, United States