Amarillo, Texas

Amarillo: The second most populous city in Texas Panhandle. It is located in the north-central part of the state. Amarillo is known for its many steakhouses, its many parks and green spaces, and its many attractions, such as the Big Texan Steak Ranch and the American Quarter Horse Hall of Fame & Museum.


Amarillo is a city located in the county of Potter in the U.S. state of Texas. Its population at the 2010 census was 190,695 and a population density of 715 people per km². After 10 years in 2020 city had an estimated population of 199,654 inhabitants.

The city was created 136 years ago in 1886.

Amarillo is a city located in the Texas Panhandle on historic Route 66. With around 200,000 residents, it is a cultural and commercial hub for the region.

History and Origins

Amarillo was first settled in 1887 as a railroad town and cattle shipping point. It grew significantly as a ranching center and Route 66 stop.

Key historical facts:

  • Originally founded as a railroad town named Oneida in 1887
  • Renamed Amarillo for the yellow wildflowers along the creek
  • Emergence of cattle ranching and Route 66 fueled growth
  • Air Force base established in 1951 aiding diversification

Economy and Major Industries

Major sectors today include cattle ranching, healthcare, retail, natural gas, and nuclear waste storage. Top employers are:

  • Pantex Nuclear Weapons Facility
  • Bell Helicopter Textron manufacturing
  • Tyson Foods beef processing plant
  • Baptist St. Anthony's Hospital

Attractions and Things to Do

Popular attractions include:

  • Cadillac Ranch art installation along Route 66
  • Big Texan Steak Ranch and Brewery
  • American Quarter Horse Hall of Fame and Museum
  • Wonderland Amusement Park for family fun
  • Hiking and biking in Palo Duro Canyon State Park

Amarillo retains its Western ranching roots combined with modern amenities and attractions.

Amarillo locator map
Location of Amarillo on Texas map.

Quick Facts about Amarillo

Population : 199,654 (2020)
Country : United States of America
State : Texas (United States)
County : Potter County
Twitter username : CityofAmarillo
Postal code : 79187, 79166–79168, 79189, 79178, 79123–79124, 79174, 79182, 79116–79121, 79159, 79185, 79101–79111, 79114, 79163, 79171–79172
Phone Area Codes : 806
Area : 266.56 km2
Altitude : 3,606 feet / 1099 meters
Capital city : Amarillo is capital of Potter County
Establishment : January 01, 1887 (136 years ago)
Time Zone : UTC−06:00
Local time : 05:33:55 (7th December 2023)
Density : 749 Pop. per km² as of 2020
Population growth : 4.49% (2010-2020)
Weather : 46℉ Mostly Clear 7-days weather
Potter County Amarillo locator map image
Potter County Amarillo
Potter County Amarillo locator map image


Amarillo is located at 35°13'19"N 101°49'53"W (35.2220000, -101.8313000).

Amarillo map


Amarillo forecast: Mostly clear, with a low around 46. Southwest wind 15 to 20 mph, with gusts as high as 30 mph. more


The population of Amarillo increased by 4.49% in 10 years.

Year Population % Change Method
2010 190,695 - census
2011 193,763 1.58% estimation process
2012 195,404 0.84% estimation process
2013 196,248 0.43% estimation process
2014 197,200 0.48% estimation process
2015 197,816 0.31% estimation process
2016 198,694 0.44% estimation process
2017 199,722 0.51% estimation process
2018 199,183 -0.27% estimation process
2019 199,371 0.09% estimation process
2020 199,654 0.14% estimation process

Amarillo zip code is 79101. County name: Potter, County fips: 48375

AMA, Amarilas, Amarillo, Amarilo, Amarilyo, Oneida, a ma li luo, aemeolillo, amariro, amariyo, amarylw, amarylw tgzas, Амарилло, Амарило, Ամարիլլո, אמרילו, آماریلو، تگزاس, آماریلو، ٹیکساس, أماريلو, اماریلو, आमारियो, アマリロ, 阿馬里洛, 애머릴로

People born in Amarillo (143)

People born in Amarillo, including software engineer Grady Booch, actress Carolyn Jones, actress Paula Trickey, .


  • Rick Husband (American astronaut) he was born in 12/07/1957
  • Charles Albright (Murderer) he was born in 10/08/1933
  • Ann Doran (actress (1911-2000)) she was born in 28/07/1911
  • Caleb Fairly (Racing cyclist) he was born in 19/02/1987
  • Alex O'Brien (US tennis player) he was born in 07/03/1970
  • Jimmie Dale Gilmore (American musician) he was born in 06/05/1945
  • Miran Edgar Thompson (American murderer) he was born in 16/12/1917
  • Riley Salmon (volleyball player) he was born in 02/07/1976
  • Trey Hillman (American baseball player and coach) he was born in 04/01/1963
  • George Saunders (American short story writer) he was born in 02/12/1958
  • Jack Davis (American athlete) he was born in 11/09/1930
  • Evan Tanner (American mixed martial artist) he was born in 11/02/1971
  • Johnson Wagner (professional golfer) he was born in 23/03/1980
  • Barry Orton (American professional wrestler and actor) he was born in 28/05/1958
  • Joe Ely (American singer and musician) he was born in 09/02/1947
  • Aaron Watson (American singer) he was born in 20/08/1977
  • Ryan Palmer (American professional golfer) he was born in 19/09/1976
  • Francie Swift (American actress) she was born in 27/03/1969

Schools in Amarillo

College & universities near Amarillo, TX

Code Name City ZIP
222576 Amarillo College Amarillo (TX) 79109
224758 Exposito School of Hair Design Amarillo (TX) 79109-3208
385549 Milan Institute of Cosmetology Amarillo (TX) 79103
440855 Milan Institute-Amarillo Amarillo (TX) 79106
476896 Wade Gordon Hairdressing Academy Amarillo (TX) 79121-0548

Post offices near Amarillo

Post Office Name City ZIP
Downtown Amarill Post Office Amarillo (TX) 79105
North Amarill Post Office Amarillo (TX) 79117
Amarill Post Office Amarillo (TX) 79120
Amarill Post Office Amarillo (TX) 79120
Main Office Amarill Post Office Amarillo (TX) 79120

Other cities in Potter County

Cities, towns, neighborhoods & other populated places in Potter County , TX.

City Name Population Title
Bishop Hills 173 Town of the United States

Distance to Other Cities

Amarillo distances to largest Texas cities