New Mexico, US

New Mexico: State of the United States of America


New Mexico is a state located in the southwestern United States. It is bordered by Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Utah, and Arizona as well as the country of Mexico.

Some key facts about New Mexico:

  • Capital: Santa Fe
  • Population: Around 2.1 million
  • Area: 121,590 square miles (5th largest state)
  • Nickname: The Land of Enchantment

New Mexico has a very diverse landscape including forests, mountains, deserts, and volcanoes. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains run north-south. Iconic natural features include the Rio Grande, Carlsbad Caverns, and White Sands National Park.

New Mexico has a unique multicultural heritage blending Native American, Hispanic, and Anglo cultures. The state has 23 federally recognized tribes and a high percentage of Hispanic/Latino residents. Santa Fe is known for arts and culture.

Major industries include oil and gas production, government, tourism, farming, and manufacturing. The Los Alamos National Laboratory played a major role in developing the first atomic bomb during World War 2.

New Mexico is located in the arid Southwest and has an arid and mild climate. Summers are hot while winters remain relatively warm during the day but cold at night.

In summary, New Mexico is a land of incredible diversity - from its Native American traditions and Hispanic roots to its natural landscapes ranging from red rock mesas to snow-capped peaks. It offers a rich culture and untamed wilderness.

New Mexico locator map
Location of New Mexico

Quick Facts about New Mexico

Population : 2,106,319
Country : United States of America
Head of government : Governor of New Mexico
Area : 315194 km2
Water as percent of area : 0.24%
Land as percent of area : 99.76%
Easternmost point : Point(-109.050044 31.33282)
Northernmost point : Point(-105.624611111 36.995722222)
Legislative body : New Mexico Legislature
Named for : Santa Fe de Nuevo México
Altitude : 6,198 feet / 1889 meters
Capital : Santa Fe
Establishment : January 01, 1970 (112 years ago)
Time Zone : UTC−07:00, America/Denver
Local time : 11:15:18 (14th April 2024)
ABQ Petroglyph 2 image
ABQ Petroglyph 2
ABQ Petroglyph 2 image


New Mexico is located at 34°30'1"N 106°0'3"W (34.5003400, -106.0008500). It has 7 neighbors: Estado de Sonora, Estado de Chihuahua, Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado, Utah and Arizona.

New Mexico map

The largest city of New Mexico is Albuquerque with a population of 562,540. Other cities include, Las Cruces population 105,096, Rio Rancho population 99,885, Santa Fe population 84,996 and Roswell population 47,596. See all New Mexico cities & populated places.

Largest Cities in New Mexico (more)

Cities, Towns, Villages, Neighborhoods & Other Populated Places in New Mexico.

City Name Title County Population
Albuquerque The third most populous city in New Mexico and the center of the Albuquerque metropolitan area. Bernalillo 562,540
Las Cruces The second most populous city in New Mexico. Doña Ana 105,096
Rio Rancho The second most populous city in Sandoval County, New Mexico. Sandoval 99,885
Santa Fe The capital of New Mexico. Santa Fe 84,996
Roswell A city in Chaves County, New Mexico. Chaves 47,596
Farmington Town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States San Juan 44,156
South Valley Census designated place Bernalillo 40,976
Hobbs City in Lea County, New Mexico, United States Lea 39,339
Clovis City in New Mexico, USA Curry 38,091
Alamogordo City in Otero County, New Mexico, United States Otero 32,126
Carlsbad Town in Eddy County, New Mexico, USA Eddy 29,664
Gallup City in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States McKinley 21,253
Sunland Park City in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States Doña Ana 18,449
Los Lunas Village in Valencia County, New Mexico, United States Valencia 16,282
Deming City in Luna County, New Mexico, United States Luna 13,983
Las Vegas Town in New Mexico, USA San Miguel 12,826

Show more New Mexico cities and populated places

    Michelle Lujan Grisham ,

New Mexico has 7 neighbours.

  • McKinley County
  • Otero County
  • Hidalgo County
  • Rio Arriba County
  • Valencia County
  • Chaves County
  • Colfax County
  • Guadalupe County
  • Lincoln County
  • Santa Fe County
  • Catron County
  • Eddy County
  • Harding County
  • Quay County
  • Union County
  • Sierra County
  • Roosevelt County
  • Curry County
  • Bernalillo County
  • Luna County
  • Mora County
  • Lea County
  • Torrance County
  • Sandoval County
  • Cibola County
  • Taos County
  • San Miguel County
  • Grant County
  • San Juan County
  • Los Alamos County
  • De Baca County
  • Socorro County
  • Doña Ana County


Year Population % Change Method
1800 25,000 - estimate
1910 327,301 92.36% census
1920 360,350 9.17% census
1930 423,317 14.87% census
1940 531,818 20.4% census
1950 681,187 21.93% census
1960 951,023 28.37% census
1970 1,016,000 6.4% census
1980 1,302,894 22.02% census
1990 1,515,069 14% census
2000 1,819,046 16.71% census
2010 2,059,179 11.66% census
2011 2,080,450 1.02% estimation process
2012 2,087,309 0.33% estimation process
2013 2,092,273 0.24% estimation process
2014 2,089,568 -0.13% estimation process
2015 2,089,291 -0.01% estimation process
2016 2,091,630 0.11% estimation process
2017 2,091,784 0.01% estimation process
2018 2,092,741 0.05% estimation process
2019 2,096,829 0.19% estimation process
2020 2,106,319 0.45% estimation process

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People born in New Mexico (86)

People born in New Mexico, including hotelier Conrad Hilton, Professional skydiver and BASE jumper Jeb Corliss, Navajo sculptor and activist Pablita Abeyta, .


  • Mangas Coloradas (Native American tribal chief) he was born in 01/01/1792
  • Roberta Kelly (American musician) she was born in 23/11/1942
  • Nana (warrior and chief of the Chihenne band of the Chiricahua Apache) he was born in 01/01/1800
  • Jose Chavez y Chavez (Outlaw from the U.S. state of New Mexico.) he was born in 01/01/1851
  • Lilith Saintcrow (American writer) she was born in 01/01/1976
  • Edward Eugene Harper (American former fugitive) he was born in 01/03/1946
  • Judy Herrera (American actress) she was born in 01/01/1970
  • Mai Shanley (American model) she was born in 17/02/1963
  • Dianna Ortiz (American nun and missionary) she was born in 02/09/1958
  • William Harrell Nellis (World War II pilot for whom Nellis Air Force Base is named) he was born in 08/03/1916
  • Frank Santillo (American film editor) he was born in 08/10/1912
  • Popé (Tewa religious leader) he was born in 01/01/1630
  • Mack Goldsbury (American musician) he was born in 01/01/1946
  • Puma (fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe)
  • Paul Platero (American linguist) he was born in 01/01/1953
  • Phillip Davidson (United States general) he was born in 26/11/1915
  • Albert Looking Elk (Taos Pueblo painter (1888-1940)) he was born in 01/01/1888
  • Avery Haines (Canadian journalist) she was born in 28/11/1966

New Mexico Counties (more)

Bernalillo County
Bernalillo County

Bernalillo County, county in New Mexico, United States

Doña Ana County
Doña Ana County

Doña Ana County, county in New Mexico, United States

Santa Fe County
Santa Fe County

Santa Fe County, county in New Mexico, United States

County Name Population
Bernalillo County 681,666
Doña Ana County 221,262
Santa Fe County 151,946
Sandoval County 148,904
San Juan County 123,312
Valencia County 77,574
Lea County 71,830
McKinley County 70,824
Otero County 67,967
Chaves County 64,711
Eddy County 58,418
Curry County 48,793
Rio Arriba County 38,521
Taos County 32,593
San Miguel County 27,144
Grant County 27,007

Show more New Mexico counties

Map & Images (more maps)

Map of New Mexico Na 1
Map of New Mexico Na 1
New Mexico Flag Map
New Mexico Flag Map
Counties Map of New Mexico
Counties Map of New Mexico
New Mexico Relief Map
New Mexico Relief Map
Where Is New Mexico Located
Where Is New Mexico Located
New Mexico Cities And Towns
New Mexico Cities And Towns
New Mexico County Map
New Mexico County Map
New Mexico Reference Map
New Mexico Reference Map
New Mexico Rivers And Lakes
New Mexico Rivers And Lakes
New Mexico Plant Hardiness Zone Map
New Mexico Plant Hardiness Zone Map