Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis: The twenty-ninth most populous city in the United States and the center of the Memphis metropolitan area. It is located on the Mississippi River in western Tennessee. Memphis is a major center for the music industry and is home to the Stax Museum of American Soul Music.


Memphis is a city located in the county of Shelby in the U.S. state of Tennessee. Its population at the 2010 census was 646,889 and a population density of 765 people per km². After 10 years in 2020 city had an estimated population of 649,705 inhabitants.

The city was created 205 years ago in 1818.

Memphis is a major city located along the Mississippi River in western Tennessee. As of July 29, 2023, Memphis has an estimated population of 651,073. Here are some key facts about Memphis:


Memphis was founded in 1819 and quickly grew as a key shipping port for cotton and river transportation. It played a major role in the slave trade and post-Civil War Reconstruction.


Memphis lies along the Mississippi River in a region known as the Mississippi Delta. Its landscape includes lush forests, wetlands, and rolling hills.

Culture & Music

Memphis is considered the birthplace of blues music and rock and roll. It was home to legendary musicians like Elvis Presley, B.B. King, and Johnny Cash.


Major industries in Memphis include logistics, tourism, manufacturing, and healthcare. FedEx is headquartered there. Major attractions are Graceland and Beale Street.


Memphis has a predominantly African American population. However, it also has increasing Hispanic/Latino, Asian, and immigrant communities.

In summary, Memphis is a historic Southern city deeply influenced by the Mississippi River, music, and black culture. It serves as Tennessee's primary shipping and manufacturing hub.

Memphis locator map
Location of Memphis on Tennessee map.

Quick Facts about Memphis

Population : 649,705 (2020)
Country : United States of America
State : Tennessee (United States)
County : Shelby County
Postal code : 77340
Phone Area Codes : 901
Area : 845.18 km2
Official name : Memphis
Altitude : 338 feet / 103 meters
Capital city : Memphis is capital of Shelby County
Establishment : January 01, 1819 (205 years ago)
Time Zone : Central Time Zone
Local time : 22:09:26 (21st February 2024)
Density : 769 Pop. per km² as of 2020
Population growth : 0.43% (2010-2020)
Memphis skyline from the air image
Memphis skyline from the air
Memphis skyline from the air image


Memphis is located at 35°8'58"N 90°2'56"W (35.1495300, -90.0489800).

Memphis map

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The population of Memphis increased by 0.43% in 10 years.

Year Population % Change Method
2010 646,889 - census
2011 655,341 1.29% estimation process
2012 658,786 0.52% estimation process
2013 657,146 -0.25% estimation process
2014 654,990 -0.33% estimation process
2015 654,106 -0.14% estimation process
2016 652,548 -0.24% estimation process
2017 650,878 -0.26% estimation process
2018 651,104 0.03% estimation process
2019 651,073 -0% estimation process
2020 649,705 -0.21% estimation process

Memphis zip code is 38103. County name: Shelby, County fips: 47157

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People born in Memphis (200)

People born in Memphis, including gangster and bootlegger Machine Gun Kelly, actress Ginnifer Goodwin, pianist Jimmy Jones, .


  • Aretha Franklin (American singer, songwriter, and pianist) she was born in 25/03/1942
  • Cybill Shepherd (American actress and singer) she was born in 18/02/1950
  • J. Peter Sartain (Catholic archbishop) he was born in 06/06/1952
  • Alex Chilton (American songwriter, guitarist, singer and producer, best known as the lead singer of The Box Tops and Big Star) he was born in 28/12/1950
  • Shannen Doherty (actress, director) she was born in 12/04/1971
  • Lucy Hale (American actress and singer) she was born in 14/06/1989
  • Koko Taylor (American Chicago blues musician) she was born in 28/09/1928
  • Dee Dee Bridgewater (American singer) she was born in 27/05/1950
  • Kristin Armstrong (American cyclist) she was born in 11/08/1973
  • Lisa Marie Presley (American singer-song-writer and daughter of Elvis Presley) she was born in 01/02/1968
  • Ashley Jones (actress) she was born in 03/09/1976
  • Keith Herron (American sportsperson and basketball player) he was born in 14/06/1956
  • DJ Paul (American record producer, rapper and DJ from Tennessee) he was born in 12/01/1977
  • Alberta Hunter (American blues singer, songwriter, and nurse) she was born in 01/04/1895
  • Anita Ward (American singer and musician) she was born in 20/12/1956
  • Walter Lang (American film director (1896-1972)) he was born in 10/08/1896
  • Ben Branch (American entrepreneur, jazz tenor saxophonist, and bandleader) he was born in 01/01/1924
  • Gangsta Boo (American Rapper) she was born in 07/08/1979

Schools in Memphis

College & universities near Memphis, TN

Code Name City ZIP
449764 Visible Music College Memphis (TN) 38103
220853 Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Memphis Memphis (TN) 38105-3604
219639 Baptist Memorial College of Health Sciences Memphis (TN) 38104
483744 Vibe Barber College memphis (TN) 38107-2538
487010 The University of Tennessee Health Science Center Memphis (TN) 38163

Stations (1)

Amtrak & bus stations near Memphis, TN

Code Name Address Type
MEM Central Station Central Station RAIL

Post offices near Memphis

Post Office Name City ZIP
Peabody Pla Post Office Memphis (TN) 38103
D Post Office Memphis (TN) 38103
Memph Post Office Memphis (TN) 38101
Memphis Main Office Window Post Office Memphis (TN) 38101
Crosstown Post Office Memphis (TN) 38104

Other places with the same name (6)

Other cities in Shelby County

Cities, towns, neighborhoods & other populated places in Shelby County , TN.

City Name Population Title
New South Memphis 641,608 A neighborhood located in Memphis, Tennessee.
Bartlett 59,327 The most populous city in Shelby County, Tennessee.
Collierville 51,441 Town in Tennessee
Germantown 39,240 City in Shelby County, Tennessee
Lakeland 12,657 City in Shelby County, Tennessee, United States
Arlington 11,625 Town in Shelby County, Tennessee, United States of America
Millington 10,635 City in Shelby County, Tennessee, United States of America

Distance to Other Cities

Memphis distances to largest Tennessee cities